• warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_user::init() should be compatible with views_handler_field::init(&$view, $options) in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/modules/user/views_handler_field_user.inc on line 48.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 745.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of image_attach_views_handler_field_attached_images::pre_render() should be compatible with views_handler_field::pre_render($values) in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/image/contrib/image_attach/image_attach_views_handler_field_attached_images.inc on line 124.
  • strict warning: Declaration of content_handler_field::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc on line 208.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 149.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_argument_default_taxonomy_tid::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_plugin_argument_default_taxonomy_tid.inc on line 102.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 25.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.
  • warning: Parameter 1 to tac_lite_node_grants() expected to be a reference, value given in /www/htdocs/w00c8210/includes/module.inc on line 483.

Das hebräische Alphabet (alefbet ivri)

Hebräisch ist eine Konsonantenschrift. Vokale hatten ursprünglich keine eignen Zeichen. Durch Punktierung (hebräisch: nikud) wurden später Vokalzeichen den bestehenden Buchstaben hinzugefügt. Kleine Punkte und Unterstriche geben Aufschluss, welcher Vokal wo und wie zu sprechen ist.

Die hebräischen Buchstaben und ihre Zahlenwerte

Name   Wert   Name   Wert   Name   Wert  
Alefbet ivri, אָלֶף־בֵּית עִבְרִי‎
alef א 1 a jod י 10 j kof ק 100 k
bet (wet) ב בּ 2 b (w) kaf (chaf) כ כּ 20 k (ch) resch ר 200 r
gimel ג 3 g lamed ל 30 l schin (ßin)  שׂ שׁ 300 sch (ß)
dalet ד 4 d mem מ 40 m taw ת 400 t
he ה 5 h nun נ 50 n        
waw ו 6 w ßamech ס 60 ß        
saijn ז 7 s aijn ע 70 a        
chet ח 8 ch pe (fe)  פ פּ 80 p (f)        
tet ט 9 t zadi צ 90 z        

 

Hebräische Buchstaben als Ordnungszahlen

Jeder Buchstabe hat einen Zahlenwert. Aufzählungen werden häufig mit hebräischen Buchstaben dargestellt. Durch die Aneinanderreihung mehrerer Buchstaben läßt sich jede Zahl abbilden. Die Buchstaben werden nach ihrem Wert, von rechts nach links, von groß nach klein geschrieben. Um zu verdeutlichen, dass es sich um eine Zahl handelt wird vor dem letzten Buchstaben ein ˝ gesetzt.

Beispiele:

11 = י ˝ א
תתח ˝ ג  = 883

Zeichen für die Vokalisation

Name hebr. Zeichen Beispiel Aussprache
Kamaz קמץ Unterstrich mit Tropfen אָ langes a
Patach פתח Unterstrich אַ kurzes a
Chataf Patach חתפ פתח Schwa und Patach אֲ sehr kurzes a
Chataf Kamaz חתפ קמץ Schwa und Kamäz אֳ sehr kurzes offenes o
Cholam chaßer חולם חסר Punkt links oberhalb אֹ langes o
Cholam male חולם מלה waw mit Punkt oben וֹ langes o
Segol סגול drei Punkte im Dreieck אֶ langes e
Sere צירה zwei Punkte אֵ kurzes e
Chataf Segol חתפ סגול Schwa und Segol אֱ sehr kurzes e
Chirik katan חיריק קטן Punkt unten אִ i, kurz oder lang
Chirik gadol חיריק גדול Jod nach Buchstabe אי langes i
Kubbuz קובוץ Drei Punkte, diagonal אֻ u, kurz oder lang
Schuruk שורוק waw mit Punkt links וּ langes u
Schwa שוא zwei Punkte, senkrecht אְ stumm oder flüchtiger e-Laut